There are many different types of government in the world, such as democracies, monarchies, and oligarchies. Out of the many governments, one is set apart from all the rest. This type of government does not condone any form of freedom; it serves the people through absolute control and repressive means of action. Totalitarian regimes represent the extreme of a prosperous government to abide. Some examples in literature involve 1984, Fahrenheit 451, Brave New World, and Handmaid's Tale. The Hunger Games trilogy is also a perfect example of a totalitarian regime. With President Snow, the Gamemakers, and the rest of the Capitol, the absolute power over the districts mimic and mirror some totalitarian regimes currently today.
The Soviet Union, run by Joseph Stalin, is one of those unforgettable regimes that all of the Earth knows. A man named Aleksander Solzhenitsyn was a member under his regime; unfortunately, he did not believe Stalin was a justified leader of the Soviet Union. Word got out of his criticism and Solzhenitsyn was sent to a labor camp of Stalin's choice. Refusing commands from the ones who the ran these camps, he was sent to a correctional facility in Siberia. While in Siberia, he wrote about his experiences as member of the camp. Another term for these specific camps was the GULAGS, which mirror the concept of districts in The Hunger Games. Through the gulags, Stalin tortured, imprisoned, exiled, starved, and killed many to the gulags. Twenty million innocent citizens fell victim to Stalin's reign.
Question is, why were these governments able to have absolute control over certain countries? Much like The Hunger Games, the Capitol and the Hunger Games's purpose is to maintain stability within Panem. References to North America, Panem is the battered down version of the United States. In the United States, there is lack of employment, no hope for jobs, and loss of homes. Banks have collapsed in the past, the economy is undeniably unstable, and the Democratic and Republican parties are never in agreement. The homeless are still homeless; the hungry are still hungry. Totalitarian regimes, in theory, are supposed to mend these ills that fall onto specific nations. Especially for those nations formidably in need, they require absolute change to be able to continue as a society. With absolute power, there can be absolute change within these nations.
The Hunger Games
Of Bread, Blood, and The Hunger Games
The Hunger Games Companion